Yes, battery replacement can cause that problem.
Your owners manual should provide that info.
To re-syncro the windows, put the window up & hold the window switch in the MAX up position(2nd detent) for 1-2 seconds!
MERCEDES Benz Master Guild Technician (6 TIMES)
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44 years foreign automotive repair
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190E 2.3 16V ITS SCCA race car (sold)
1986 190E 2.3 16V 2.5 (sold)