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Old 10-25-2005, 02:16 AM
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Rest in peace, Rosa

Rosa Parks, the famed civil rights protestor, died this evening at the age of 92. I admire her for having the strength of will to stand for what is right in the face of certain social reprisal. May we all find that strength within when we most need it.


By BREE FOWLER





DETROIT (AP) - Rosa Parks, whose refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man sparked the modern civil rights movement, died Monday evening. She was 92.

Mrs. Parks died at her home during the evening of natural causes, with close friends by her side, said Gregory Reed, an attorney who represented her for the past 15 years.

Mrs. Parks was 42 when she committed an act of defiance in 1955 that was to change the course of American history and earn her the title "mother of the civil rights movement."

At that time, Jim Crow laws in place since the post-Civil War Reconstruction required separation of the races in buses, restaurants and public accommodations throughout the South, while legally sanctioned racial discrimination kept blacks out of many jobs and neighborhoods in the North.


(AP) Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick stands outside the apartment building where Rosa Lee Parks died in...
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The Montgomery, Ala., seamstress, an active member of the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, was riding on a city bus Dec. 1, 1955, when a white man demanded her seat.

Mrs. Parks refused, despite rules requiring blacks to yield their seats to whites. Two black Montgomery women had been arrested earlier that year on the same charge, but Mrs. Parks was jailed. She also was fined $14.

Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick said he felt a personal tie to the civil rights icon: "She stood up by sitting down. I'm only standing here because of her."

U.S. Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y., lauded Mrs. Parks' mettle.

"I truly believe that there's a little bit of Rosa Parks in all Americans who have the courage to say enough is enough and stand up for what they believe in," Rangel said. "She did such a small thing, but it was so courageous for her as a humble person to do."




Speaking in 1992, Mrs. Parks said history too often maintains "that my feet were hurting and I didn't know why I refused to stand up when they told me. But the real reason of my not standing up was I felt that I had a right to be treated as any other passenger. We had endured that kind of treatment for too long."

Her arrest triggered a 381-day boycott of the bus system organized by a then little-known Baptist minister, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., who later earned the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.

"At the time I was arrested I had no idea it would turn into this," Mrs. Parks said 30 years later. "It was just a day like any other day. The only thing that made it significant was that the masses of the people joined in."

The Montgomery bus boycott, which came one year after the Supreme Court's landmark declaration that separate schools for blacks and whites were "inherently unequal," marked the start of the modern civil rights movement.

The movement culminated in the 1964 federal Civil Rights Act, which banned racial discrimination in public accommodations.




After taking her public stand for civil rights, Mrs. Parks had trouble finding work in Alabama. Amid threats and harassment, she and her husband Raymond moved to Detroit in 1957. She worked as an aide in the Detroit office of Democratic U.S. Rep. John Conyers from 1965 until retiring in 1988. Raymond Parks died in 1977.

Mrs. Parks became a revered figure in Detroit, where a street and middle school were named for her and a papier-mache likeness of her was featured in the city's Thanksgiving Day Parade.

Mrs. Parks said upon retiring from her job with Conyers that she wanted to devote more time to the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development. The institute, incorporated in 1987, is devoted to developing leadership among Detroit's young people and initiating them into the struggle for civil rights.

"Rosa Parks: My Story" was published in February 1992. In 1994 she brought out "Quiet Strength: The Faith, the Hope and the Heart of a Woman Who Changed a Nation," and in 1996 a collection of letters called "Dear Mrs. Parks: A Dialogue With Today's Youth."

She was among the civil rights leaders who addressed the Million Man March in October 1995.




In 1996, she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, awarded to civilians making outstanding contributions to American life. In 1999, she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, the nation's highest civilian honor.

Mrs. Parks received dozens of other awards, ranging from induction into the Alabama Academy of Honor to an NAACP Image Award for her 1999 appearance on CBS'"Touched by an Angel."

The Rosa Parks Library and Museum opened in November 2000 in Montgomery. The museum features a 1955-era bus and a video that recreates the conversation that preceded Parks' arrest.

"Are you going to stand up?" the bus driver asked.

"No," Parks answered.

"Well, by God, I'm going to have you arrested," the driver said.

"You may do that," Parks responded.

Mrs. Parks' later years were not without difficult moments.

In 1994, Mrs. Parks' home was invaded by a 28-year-old man who beat her and took $53. She was treated at a hospital and released. The man, Joseph Skipper, pleaded guilty, blaming the crime on his drug problem.

The Parks Institute struggled financially since its inception. The charity's principal activity - the annual Pathways to Freedom bus tour taking students to the sites of key events in the civil rights movement - routinely cost more money than the institute could raise.

Mrs. Parks lost a 1999 lawsuit that sought to prevent the hip-hop duo OutKast from using her name as the title of a Grammy-nominated song. In 2000, she threatened legal action against an Oklahoma man who planned to auction Internet domain name rights to .http://www.rosaparks.com

After losing the OutKast lawsuit, Reed, her attorney, said Mrs. Parks "has once again suffered the pains of exploitation." A later suit against OutKast's record company was settled out of court.

She was born Rosa Louise McCauley on Feb. 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Ala. Family illness interrupted her high school education, but after she married Raymond Parks in 1932, he encouraged her and she earned a diploma in 1934. He also inspired her to become involved in the NAACP.

Looking back in 1988, Mrs. Parks said she worried that black young people took legal equality for granted.

Older blacks, she said "have tried to shield young people from what we have suffered. And in so doing, we seem to have a more complacent attitude.

"We must double and redouble our efforts to try to say to our youth, to try to give them an inspiration, an incentive and the will to study our heritage and to know what it means to be black in America today."

At a celebration in her honor that same year, she said: "I am leaving this legacy to all of you ... to bring peace, justice, equality, love and a fulfillment of what our lives should be. Without vision, the people will perish, and without courage and inspiration, dreams will die - the dream of freedom and peace."

Last edited by Azimyth; 10-25-2005 at 02:22 AM.
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Old 10-25-2005, 12:36 PM
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I just heard about earlier this morning. The news channels have been showing some footage of the bus she was on that day in 1955, with some interesting info about it. It was sold in 1971, and the Montgomery bus company wanted it dumped in a river so nobody would be able to find the bus that started it all, instead, someone parked it in a field outside of Montogomery. It was found not too long ago, and fully restored, with 1948 Detriot Diesel (screamin' Jimmy) and all, the whole works. It's at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Mi.

May Mrs. Parks rest in peace.
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Old 10-25-2005, 08:21 PM
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Heh, hopefully she gets buried in the front.

"Rosa Parks didn't do anything but sit her black ass down" - Cedric the Entertainer in Barbershop.

Seriously, it's cool that she live long enough to see what she started. Have a good trip Rosa.
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Old 10-26-2005, 12:33 PM
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SWMBO and I were talking about Parks and wondered if, when she got up that morning, she realized to what degree the world would change through such a simple action.

Genuine courage often comes in unusual packages.
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Old 10-26-2005, 01:11 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by R Leo
SWMBO and I were talking about Parks and wondered if, when she got up that morning, she realized to what degree the world would change through such a simple action.
Boggles the mind, it really does. I bet she thought of it everyday. Just a little push to start an avalanche
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Old 10-26-2005, 01:56 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by H-townbenzoboy
I just heard about earlier this morning. The news channels have been showing some footage of the bus she was on that day in 1955, with some interesting info about it. It was sold in 1971, and the Montgomery bus company wanted it dumped in a river so nobody would be able to find the bus that started it all, instead, someone parked it in a field outside of Montogomery. It was found not too long ago, and fully restored, with 1948 Detriot Diesel (screamin' Jimmy) and all, the whole works. It's at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Mi.

May Mrs. Parks rest in peace.
The bus is open and you can walk through it. I happened to be there and a low point in traffic and was able to sit in "the" seat. You definetly get a weird feeling sitting there.
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