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Old 05-26-2004, 11:27 AM
Zeitgeist's Avatar
Join Date: Aug 2003
Location: Cascadia
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The "Paper of Record" Comes Clean

The New York Times and Iraq

Published: May 26, 2004

Over the last year this newspaper has shone the bright light of hindsight on decisions that led the United States into Iraq. We have examined the failings of American and allied intelligence, especially on the issue of Iraq's weapons and possible Iraqi connections to international terrorists. We have studied the allegations of official gullibility and hype. It is past time we turned the same light on ourselves.

In doing so reviewing hundreds of articles written during the prelude to war and into the early stages of the occupation we found an enormous amount of journalism that we are proud of. In most cases, what we reported was an accurate reflection of the state of our knowledge at the time, much of it painstakingly extracted from intelligence agencies that were themselves dependent on sketchy information. And where those articles included incomplete information or pointed in a wrong direction, they were later overtaken by more and stronger information. That is how news coverage normally unfolds.

But we have found a number of instances of coverage that was not as rigorous as it should have been. In some cases, information that was controversial then, and seems questionable now, was insufficiently qualified or allowed to stand unchallenged. Looking back, we wish we had been more aggressive in re-examining the claims as new evidence emerged or failed to emerge.

The problematic articles varied in authorship and subject matter, but many shared a common feature. They depended at least in part on information from a circle of Iraqi informants, defectors and exiles bent on "regime change" in Iraq, people whose credibility has come under increasing public debate in recent weeks. (The most prominent of the anti-Saddam campaigners, Ahmad Chalabi, has been named as an occasional source in Times articles since at least 1991, and has introduced reporters to other exiles. He became a favorite of hard-liners within the Bush administration and a paid broker of information from Iraqi exiles, until his payments were cut off last week.) Complicating matters for journalists, the accounts of these exiles were often eagerly confirmed by United States officials convinced of the need to intervene in Iraq. Administration officials now acknowledge that they sometimes fell for misinformation from these exile sources. So did many news organizations in particular, this one.

Some critics of our coverage during that time have focused blame on individual reporters. Our examination, however, indicates that the problem was more complicated. Editors at several levels who should have been challenging reporters and pressing for more skepticism were perhaps too intent on rushing scoops into the paper. Accounts of Iraqi defectors were not always weighed against their strong desire to have Saddam Hussein ousted. Articles based on dire claims about Iraq tended to get prominent display, while follow-up articles that called the original ones into question were sometimes buried. In some cases, there was no follow-up at all.

On Oct. 26 and Nov. 8, 2001, for example, Page 1 articles cited Iraqi defectors who described a secret Iraqi camp where Islamic terrorists were trained and biological weapons produced. These accounts have never been independently verified.

On Dec. 20, 2001, another front-page article began, "An Iraqi defector who described himself as a civil engineer said he personally worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical and nuclear weapons in underground wells, private villas and under the Saddam Hussein Hospital in Baghdad as recently as a year ago." Knight Ridder Newspapers reported last week that American officials took that defector his name is Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri to Iraq earlier this year to point out the sites where he claimed to have worked, and that the officials failed to find evidence of their use for weapons programs. It is still possible that chemical or biological weapons will be unearthed in Iraq, but in this case it looks as if we, along with the administration, were taken in. And until now we have not reported that to our readers.

On Sept. 8, 2002, the lead article of the paper was headlined "U.S. Says Hussein Intensified Quest for A-Bomb Parts." That report concerned the aluminum tubes that the administration advertised insistently as components for the manufacture of nuclear weapons fuel. The claim came not from defectors but from the best American intelligence sources available at the time. Still, it should have been presented more cautiously. There were hints that the usefulness of the tubes in making nuclear fuel was not a sure thing, but the hints were buried deep, 1,700 words into a 3,600-word article. Administration officials were allowed to hold forth at length on why this evidence of Iraq's nuclear intentions demanded that Saddam Hussein be dislodged from power: "The first sign of a `smoking gun,' they argue, may be a mushroom cloud."

Five days later, The Times reporters learned that the tubes were in fact a subject of debate among intelligence agencies. The misgivings appeared deep in an article on Page A13, under a headline that gave no inkling that we were revising our earlier view ("White House Lists Iraq Steps to Build Banned Weapons"). The Times gave voice to skeptics of the tubes on Jan. 9, when the key piece of evidence was challenged by the International Atomic Energy Agency. That challenge was reported on Page A10; it might well have belonged on Page A1.

On April 21, 2003, as American weapons-hunters followed American troops into Iraq, another front-page article declared, "Illicit Arms Kept Till Eve of War, an Iraqi Scientist Is Said to Assert." It began this way: "A scientist who claims to have worked in Iraq's chemical weapons program for more than a decade has told an American military team that Iraq destroyed chemical weapons and biological warfare equipment only days before the war began, members of the team said."

The informant also claimed that Iraq had sent unconventional weapons to Syria and had been cooperating with Al Qaeda two claims that were then, and remain, highly controversial. But the tone of the article suggested that this Iraqi "scientist" who in a later article described himself as an official of military intelligence had provided the justification the Americans had been seeking for the invasion.

The Times never followed up on the veracity of this source or the attempts to verify his claims.

A sample of the coverage, including the articles mentioned here, is online at Readers will also find there a detailed discussion written for The New York Review of Books last month by Michael Gordon, military affairs correspondent of The Times, about the aluminum tubes report. Responding to the review's critique of Iraq coverage, his statement could serve as a primer on the complexities of such intelligence reporting.

We consider the story of Iraq's weapons, and of the pattern of misinformation, to be unfinished business. And we fully intend to continue aggressive reporting aimed at setting the record straight.
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Old 05-26-2004, 12:45 PM
LK1 LK1 is offline
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Sloppy journalism and the mob mentality don't mix. We were all taken in by the claims of absolute proof offered by the administration in the shadow of 9/11.
I remember being turned off by Michael Moore's outburst at the Oscars? and thinking how inappropriate it was. Now, in hindsight, I realize that he was one of the lone voices of reason in a sea of hysteria.
To take a stand that unpopular shows a degree of courage rarely seen in our comformist society.
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Old 05-26-2004, 12:57 PM
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Join Date: Apr 2004
Posts: 5,303
Fahrenheit 911

The whole thing was a Soviet-style disinformation operation run out of the Vice President's office. Cheney's man Chalabi would give bogus intelligence to the Defense Department. Then Chalabi would call the Times (and other press organs) and give them a "confidential tip" on the same story. The Times would then call the DOD flacks for confirmation, and they would get confirmation of what was essentially a story told in a circle. The Times got took. Its just the tip of the whole iceberg.

At the same time Chalabi dressed up a bunch of guys who were probably Iranian intelligence operatives, as "Defectors" from the Saddam regime. They would claim to have worked in weapons labs or nuclear programs, and TV outlets, primarialy Fox News, would "interview" them, generating lots of headlines in all the papers, giving false stories the appearance of truth.

Simultaneously, Bush, Cheny and other top officials would give speeches and interviews where they alluded to certain knowledge of these weapons, or spoke of "uranium from Niger" and "mushroom clouds over Manhattan". The point of many of the speeches was that they knew more than they could tell you, when in fact they new ****.

Limbaugh, Drudge and the other national talk show party hacks would take all of these spurious stories and spin them into imminent doom for the US, stories for mass consumption, converting these lies to urban legend truth. Guys like O'reilly, Scarbie et all would report them as truth as well, but to O'reilly's credit he is now admitting he got took too.

Again simultaneously, unsubstantiated stories of Iraqi intelligence meeting with Atta, the 911 hijacker, were also circulated along with claims that al-Queda operatives were given refuge in Bagdad, a story the CIA now admits was false (the Atta stories have now also been traced to Chalabi). Again, this generated headlines based on false planted stories. The end result was, the pressure of a misinformed public on Congress allowed Bushand Cheney to make a false case for war and get the votes it needed to act. Its no accident that when the average American was polled at the time it was the majority thought that there was a proven direct link between 911 and Saddam. Many still do believe this, and it shows in a lot of the posts on this forum. Cheney still implies it is true, to the embarrassment of Bush, who has had to publicly disavow the VP's comments and admit there is no connection between Saddam and Osama or Iraq and 911. This is how we all got suckered into a war of choice in Iraq.

All of these are typical disinformation techniques of the KGB (pioneered by Uri Andropov) when Cheney, Rumsfeld and the rest of the neo-con bunch were cold-war bigwigs. They learned these techniques from the best, and used them on us. We all got played for chumps and are now stuck with the results.

Last edited by KirkVining; 05-26-2004 at 03:19 PM.
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Old 05-26-2004, 09:38 PM
LK1 LK1 is offline
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Originally posted by Botnst
Lets see, the NY Times comes clean for sloppy journalism but then fails to uncover the hidden link to the VEEP which is right under their noses! What a bunch of clods, nay, chumps! Or maybe, dare I say it: Liars!

They couldn't find a conspirator in an empty dumpster. They should hire an investigative journalist who can ferret-out REAL conspiracies.

So, are you available?
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Old 05-26-2004, 10:01 PM
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Join Date: Apr 2004
Posts: 5,303
Nobody is claiming some shadowy conspiracy. This was a coordinated, well planned, and executed disinformation campaign. The planiting of false stories, the promotion of rumor to fact, the circular sources, and especially the passing of "intelligence" that is false info dressed up to look like fact, accepted as such by an eager-to-believe-anything-that-confirms-my-theory intellegence apparatus, all right out of a John Le Carre novel. The Vice President Who Came in from The Cold.

If your looking for conspiracies, you might find one when you look at the fact that Chalabi was probably the tool Iranian intellegence used to help Cheney get us into the war. After all, Cheney and the Iranians all had the same goal, which was toppling Saddam, and there are a lot of players on the DOD staff who were involved in Iran/Contra. I wonder if guys like Eliot Abrams and Poindexter still had their old contacts with Iranian intelligence. I bet the Iranians played like a bunch of riverboar rubes. And who gave Chalabi information that he passed on to the Iranians "that could get Americans killed"? Now there's a conspiracy theory in the making.
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